School for Science IN Decision processes

and negotiations

Jan. 8, 2020

made by Gemini s.r.l. for CNR

May 20, 2021

The second part of the course dedicated to a selection of Italian representatives to the European Parliament and the European Economic and Social Committee took place from 4 to 6 May 2021.

The course was scheduled to take place over four days in May 2020 at the Angevin Castle in Gaeta. Due to the Covid-19 emergency, the appointment was postponed to November, with the hope that the course could…

Read More

Pilot School

To test the new approach to "Science in Diplomacy" we organized a pilot school, in which a group of 20 scientists presented their offer to 20 diplomats during a three-day workshop.

The workshop took place from 5 to 7 June 2019, in Gaeta, a small historic town on the coast between Rome and Naples, in places such as the Signora del Vento, the school vessel of the Istituto Nautico Giovanni Caboto and the ITS Fondazione G. Caboto Foundation.


Today’s historical context of multiple and interrelated challenges underpins a widespread concern, curiosity, interest about the future. The complexity of the socio-economic system and its interaction with the environment is characterized by the difficulty to make accurate predictions on their evolution, which can result in abrupt changes, unprecedented crises and geo-political shocks.

Option assessments and predictions for the impacts of decisions ask therefore for a renewed approach to the role of science in supporting policy-makers.

Decision makers struggle in understanding cross-disciplinary details, in disentangling conflict of interests from different inter-sectorial lobbies, in capturing or designing the relevant aspects of negotiation, in evaluating the impacts of different options. On the other hand, scientists struggle in providing salient and responsible advice for the adoption of effective action.

The introduction of a scientific approach in the negotiation and comprehension of fundamentals in the interaction between information and context dependency, can impact in a cultural transformation of negotiation and decision processes, in a sort of renewed concept of “Science IN Diplomacy”, where science and diplomacy can be entangled towards a knowledge-based support to policy.

building the next generation of diplomats and decision makers


Training courses and Schools, aiming at introducing a new approach when addressing negotiations and decisions.

Fundamentals of hard sciences and humanities will be offered in order

  1. to identify what messages are salient in scientific advice to policy decisions,
  2. to identify how science can operationally support negotiation processes,
  3. to promote the introduction of a scientific method in diplomacy and decision processes
  4. to structure an effective communication between the scientific and policy communities.

Additional tools and instruments will be provided to attendees.

Schools will address the complexity of the systems as a whole (not only environmental, economic, industrial, technological, cultural, but also socio-relational), the limitations and opportunities that a scientific approach can offer, the ability to discern between lobbies, facts, predictions and perceptions, the evaluation between consensus, impact and feasibility of the actions to be adopted.

School4SID adopts a modular framework and a fit-to-purpose approach: more than 20 aspects, articulated in 185 moduli, can be assembled to fulfill the needs of the end-users in terms of objectives and formats. Examples are here.

The ultimate goal is at increasing the capacity building of a next generation of diplomats and personnel involved in decision processes.
Schools will not provide solutions, but will enable to set the problems and ask the appropriate questions. Destinations and routes can change: we aim at Sailing with Science.

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Dipartimento Scienze del Sistema Terra e Tecnologie per l'Ambiente